By: Imran Roshan Ali
The Battle of Badr is the most important battle in the whole of human history as it firmly established Islam as the only true religion for the whole of humanity till the end of time. In Makka, the Prophet ﷺ devoted himself almost exclusively to expounding the basic principles of Islamic faith and to the moral and spiritual training of his Companions (may Allah be pleased with them all). After the Emigration, however, people belonging to different tribes and regions of ‘Arabia, who had embraced Islam, began to concentrate in Madina. Although the Muslims held only a tiny piece of the land, the whole of Arabia, under the leadership of the Quraysh, moved against them, bent upon their extermination.
In these circumstances, the very survival, let alone the success, of this small group of believers depended upon several factors. First, that they should propagate their beliefs with the utmost conviction in order to convert others. Second, that they should demonstrate the falsity of their opponents’ standpoint so convincingly that there could remain no justifiable ground for any intelligent person to entertain any doubt on the question. Third, that they as the followers of the Prophetﷺ should not become disheartened because they had been driven out of their homes and were faced, through the hostility and opposition of the whole country, with economic stringency, hunger, and constant insecurity and danger, but that they should confront the situation with patience and fortitude. Fourth, that they should be able to find a way to retake all their wealth and goods usurped by the Makkans during Emigration. Fifth, that they should be prepared to resist with both courage and the force of arms the violent assault by which the enemy intended to frustrate their movement, and that in this resistance they should not heed the enemy’s superiority in either numbers or material resources.
In addition to the threats coming from Makka and its allied tribes, there were, in Madina itself, three tribes of the Jews. As explained earlier, the Jews held the control of the economic life of the city. In Madina, another element of enmity against Islam also began to emerge in the form of hypocrisy. One group of hypocrites consisted of those who had no faith in Islam but had entered the ranks of the Muslim community merely in order to create mischief.
For 13 years in Makkah, none of the Companion (may Allah be pleased with them all) took out even a small knife, a knife or anything to defend themselves against to mushriks who were torturing, making them to suffer, humiliating them, taking away their rights and everything. They did not even think of defending themselves, rather were busy obeying to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and confronted the situation with utmost patience and fortitude .
The Battle of Badr is the most important battle in the whole of human history as it firmly established Islam as the only true religion for the whole of humanity till the end of time. It took place on 17 Ramadan 2 A.H, 624 C.E. The beloved holy Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, together with 313 of his Sahaba (Companions) and angels sent by Allah defeated about 1000 better armed polytheists of the tribe of Quraysh.
The Companions of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ who took part are the Muhajirin and the Ansar. The Muhajirin are the Muslims from Makkah who had migrated to Madina. The Ansar are the Muslims of Madina who helped them settle in Madina.
The two main tribes of Madina were Aws and Khazraj. The Ansar (Helpers) of Madina, are thus classified either as Awsi (belonging to the Aws tribe) or Khazraji (belonging to the Khazraj tribe).
And they submitted themselves to the Prophetﷺ. They did not complain. Sahabi-e-kiram; they feel pain, they feel hunger but they submitted themselves to the Holy Prophetﷺ. So when they came to Medina, and they heard that the mushriks were coming to destroy them, they looked to the Prophet (ﷺ), and the Prophet(ﷺ) is saying, “we will not move, until Allah give us the permission to move. Until Allah gives me an order, I will not move.” They submitted.
When the order came, Holy Prophet ﷺ said, “Allah is saying, ‘now take your sword and strike, but to know that it is Allah that takes the lives, not you.’”And they were so happy. They were not happy because of revenge. They were happy, because Allah gave them an order, Allah communicated with them. Allah spoke to them. And it is their chance now, to make Allah happy.
Allah swt is saying in the Surah ul-Araf, ‘So tell the stories that perhaps they will think.’ Islam it is a religion for the man who sits and reflects on the signs around him; on what had happened in the history, on what happened to earlier nations, to earlier Prophets. We ought to remember these warriors of Badr, all 313 of them and offering our respect, maybe some fatihas for them. But we must remember that it did not end there. The battle of Badr ended, yes. That was the first battle, but there is a final battle yet to come, and both the battles are linked. And the thousand angels that Allah swt promised on the Battle of Badr is going to happen in the final fight against the Dajjal. So now, we should prepare ourselves. Not to say, ‘I am this, or I am that’, rather learn from the battle of badr and prepare ourselves for the next battle, which is going to be both spiritual and physical.
According to the Ahadith in Jami’ us-Sahih of Imam al-Bukhari (Vol. 5, p. 201, Hadith Numbers 292-294), the number of warriors in the Battle of Badr were more than 310 of whom more than 60 were the Muhajirin (from Makkah) and more than 249 were the Ansar (from Madina). According to scholars of sirah (history, biography), 313 companions took part in the Battle of Badr of whom 82 were the Muhajirin and 231 were the Ansar (61 Awsi and 170 Khazraji). Wallahu A’lam (Allah Knows Best).
The number of Companions that are normally listed in Classics of Muslim Spirituality are more than those who actually took part because there are some Companions who were considered by the Beloved Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam to be Ahl Badr (The Warriors of Badr) even though they were not actually present because they were sent by him on special assignments elsewhere at that time.
Another reason why the list is greater than 313 is that in some instances, Muslim historians and the ‘ulama (the learned) are not absolutely sure from the evidence they have collected whether a particular Companion was actually present at Badr or not. So, perhaps they have decided to err in including the name rather than to err in leaving it out. For that reason perhaps, Imam ibn Kathir lists 321, Imam al-Barzanji lists 368, Mawlana Khalid al-Baghdadi lists 366, Shaykh ‘Abdur Rahman Chohravi mentions 357, Shaykh Mustafa Rushdi ad-Dimishqi has 356 while Shaykh ‘AbdurRahman al-Azhariyy has 385.
We should remind ourselves that Asma’ Ahl Badr (the names of the Muslim warriors of the Battle of Badr) are Jalali (Majestic). They need the Jamal (Beauty) of Salawat (Invocation of Blessings) to cool them. So before we recite these, and after completing the recitation, it is recommended to recite Durood Shareef 100 times. Or instead, we can recite Qasidah al-Burda. Once we have recited the Salawat, we can come to the Asma’ Ahl al-Badr.
Allahumma Agithna ya Giyath al-Mustaghitheen bi Haqqi
(O Allah! O The Succour of those who seek help, save us for the sake of)
1. Haritha bin Suraqa al-Khazraji, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
2. Dhush-shimaalayn ibn ‘Abdi ‘Amr al-Muhajiri, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
3. Rafi’ bin al-Mu’alla al-Khazraji, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
4. Sa’d bin Khaythama al-Awsi, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
5. Safwan bin Wahb al-Muhajiri, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
6. ‘Aaqil bin al-Bukayr al-Muhajiri, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
7. ‘Ubayda bin al-Harith al-Muhajiri, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
8. ‘Umayr bin al-Humam al-Khazraji, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
9. ‘Umayr bin Abi Waqqas al-Muhajiri, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
10. ‘Awf bin al-Harith al-Khazraji, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
11. Mubashshir bin ‘Abdi’l Mundhir al-Awsi, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
12. Mu’awwidh bin al-Harith al-Khazraji, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
13. Mihja’ bin Salih al-Muhajiri, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.
14. Yazid bin al-Harith bin al-Khazraji, Rady Allahu ‘Anhu.