By: M Rashid Tabassum
Pakistan’s Independence Day is celebrated on August 14, with patriotic zeal and fervor. People decorate their to the national heroes for their sacrifices. In the programs whihomes, vehicles, shops, streets and markets with national flags, buntings and electric bulbs. Events, seminars, conference and rallies are held in every nook and corner of the country in which tributes are paid ch are arranged regarding Independence Day, speakers explain the purpose of Pakistan. Struggle of our forefathers are also highlighted. Youth are encouraged to play their role for development of country. People visit national monuments and places of national significance to realize Pakistan’s freedom struggle. Flag hoisting ceremonies are also arranged at Islamabad, provincial capitals and district headquarters by government and private institutions. Independence Day is also celebrated in embassies and foreign countries also. People also pray for country’s security and development.
Muslims had ruled on subcontinent for approximately 1000 years. In Muslims’ era, their behavior with public was ideal. Muslim rulers behaved equally with all people. Muslim’s rule was end when British defeated last Muslim’s ruler Bahadur Shah Zafar. Thousands of thousands of Muslims were martyred during 1857 Independence War. British’s rule period was between 1858 and 1947. In this period, Britishers made many plans to weaken Muslims politically, religiously, socially and economically. Many rules and reforms were imposed against Muslims. Hindus cooperated with them. The Congress was founded in 1885, which was mainly a Hindu body. It only benefited Hindus. All India Muslim League (AIML) was founded on December 30, 1906.
Furthermore, national poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal had already known the aims of Hindus and Britishers regarding Islam and Muslims’ enmity. In 1930, he presented a theory of separate Muslim state in the subcontinent. He said, “I am not despaired of Islam as a living force. I would like to see the Punjab, North-West Frontier Province, Sind and Baluchistan amalgamated into a single State.” Later on, British imposed new reforms under the act of 1935. Congress formed governments in 7 out of 11 provinces, in the result of provisional election which was held in 1937. The Congress’s attitude with Muslims was very brutal. During its tenure, Hindi was declared as national language and Banday Matram was adopted as the national anthem. Congress took every possible step to weaken Muslims’ economy.
Stepping more, 27th annual meeting of AIML was held in Lahore from 22nd to 24th of March, 1940. In his historical speech, Quaid e Azam declared Muslims “a nation by any definition”. Lahore resolution was passed on 24th of March, which was later called as Pakistan resolution. Muslims set their goal to achieve Pakistan. Consequently, Pakistan was formed on 14th of August, 1947.
Rising more, Pakistan faced many problems after its creation. The main and biggest problem was to settlement of refugees. Millions of Muslims migrated from India to Pakistan. It was the biggest-bloodiest migration in the history of world. The migration was abrupt, violent and involuntary. Riots were erupted in Hindus’ majority areas. Muslim men were massacred whereas women were abducted. Even, Muslim children were also killed. Hindus and Sikhs also raped with Muslims women.
Concluding more, Pakistan was got in the name of Allah. Muslims of Subcontinent got this territory for practicing Islam. Islam made Muslims of Subcontinent solidified (very strong), united and livings force. As well as, People, who struggled for Pakistan, performed their duty. Indeed, Pakistan is the gift of Allah and shady tree for us. Our duty is to honour country. Pakistan is moving forward despite of unfavourable situations. We should not despondent, hopeless and dispersed. Rather than, we should sincere to Allah and follow the teachings of Islam. Reason is that the solution of difficulties of Pakistan lies only in Islam.
[The writer is freelanced columnist based in Lahore Email: rashid.vuil.com]
By: M Rashid Tabassum